Wedding by abduction soars in Bihar, over 3,000 grooms tied knot at gunpoint in 2016

Wedding by abduction soars in Bihar, over 3,000 grooms tied knot at gunpoint in 2016

The variety of wedding by abduction, the tradition is easy: zero-in for a groom that is prospective kidnap him and also make him connect the nuptial knot at gunpoint, are growing.


  • Abduction by marriage is absolutely absolutely nothing uncommon in Bihar.

Might 25 ended up being meant to be a day that is memorable Julie, a 19-year-old woman in Bihar’s Muzaffarpur region, 70 km north of this state money Patna. She has been visited by a for makeup products and Julie had been sparkling inside her bridal attire.

Her household had been all decked up, the pandit (priest) had been here to chant sacred mantra and Abhinay Kumar, a 22-year-old youth she would be to connect the nuptial knot, had been prepared, though under duress. But, simply if the wedding mantras had been over, the authorities arrived; trying to find the kidnapped groom after their moms and dads registered a full situation to the impact. But as always, the cops arrived belated, and also by the time the wedding had been over.

They nevertheless desired to rescue the groom nevertheless the bride and her household – supported with family relations and villagers – set up a difficult fight, forcing the cops to beat a retreat that is hasty. The cops returned a full hour later on, angrier than before; as well as in greater number. They swung their batons with such ferocity so it left almost two dozen gents and ladies, including Julie hurt.

Now, per week later on, with accidents all over her human body, julie continues to be struggling to walk directly. The Muzaffarpur senior superintendent of authorities Vivek Kumar has suspended Gayghat authorities place in-charge Rajesh Choudhary, holding him in charge of excesses. The sole outcome that is positive Julie within the entire drama had been that her husband who had been reluctant to marry her initially begun to empathise, seeing her writhing in pain.

“we have actually accepted her as my partner. Whatever distinction there was between our families, it will probably conquer briefly. Time will heal every thing, ” he states.


Seems like a uncommon solution to get hitched? In Julie and Abhinay’s Bihar what exactly is strange isn’t the way where the few moved along the aisle, nevertheless the authorities action that then then followed. Interestingly, this might be absolutely absolutely nothing uncommon in Bihar once the state witnesses around 3,000 partners getting hitched into the exact same design, nearly every 12 months. Statistics comes down to nine such marriages a time.

Referred to as Pakadwa Vivah (wedding by abduction), the tradition is easy: zero-in on a groom that is prospective kidnap him and then make him connect the nuptial knot at gunpoint. Therefore the figures have been growing. Bihar witnessed 3,075 kidnapping for wedding in 2016. It had been 3,001 in 2015 and 2,533 in 2014. And a lot of these marriages survive.

Abduction for marriage seems to have remained unabated in 2017 too. Based on numbers available with all the authorities, Bihar currently has reported 830 kidnappings for wedding by March this present year. Having said that, just eight situations of kidnappings for ransom – which Bihar ended up being when infamous for – have now been registered in those times.

Plainly, abduction for marriage is virtually like a recognised, appropriate trend in Bihar. The NCRB Crime in Asia Report, 2015 report – which can be the most up-to-date figure that is official at current – additionally verifies that while Bihar is far below other States with regards to abduction of males below 18 years old, it appears at the very top in the nation in terms of abductions of above 18-year-old males. In reality, the amount of abducted men from Bihar when you look at the 18 to 30 age-group category had been 1,096 in 2015. Their state alone taken into account almost 17 % regarding the figure that is national the category.

“The abduction of men for wedding is really a direct result of social evils like dowry. It really is a rearguard action through the bride’s household, which discovers it self under great product load while organizing the wedding. In a society that is traditionally patriarchal Bihar, marriages are becoming a money-minting enterprise when it comes to kid’s parents. Therefore, families without wherewithal to prepare a significant dowry turn to hopeless measures like abducting an appropriate bridegroom because of their child’s wedding, ” claims Ashok Priyadarshi, an instructor in Nawada, an area infamous for such marriages.


Though unlawful, dowry is an unavoidable conventional wedding practice in which the groom’s family members demands enormous sums of money and items through the bride’s family members as an ailment for permitting their son marry her.

Families turn to snatch males – usually young males- since it is easier than approaching kid’s families and cheaper than paying the conventional “dowry, ” which can be in lakhs plus an automobile.

Kamta Singh, Chairman of a main farming credit culture in Rampur, Navada reported that very nearly 90 per cent marriages in the town happen solemnised by kidnapping a bridegroom. Good amount of guys are kidnapped and hitched down during matriculation and intermediate exams if they look at the assessment centers. In March, a 17-year-old child had been kidnapped from Patna and married off up to a 15-year-old woman soon after he reached the town having a relative who was simply showing up for matriculation assessment. The kid, a course XII pupil, ended up being whisked away by four guys on two bikes after smothering him unconscious by having a chloroformed cloth. Because of the time the child regained their senses, he had been inside a residence with many individuals around, whom told him he ended up being now hitched. Their garments too were turned into bridal attire.

Families usually utilize buddies and family relations, and on occasion even employ professional crooks, to carryout abductions for marriages. In-may 2009, crooks assigned to kidnap 16-year-old Lalbabu for marriage, exposed fire in Gaya to terrorise a small grouping of pupils, have been utilizing the target while he arrived from a mentoring Centre.

Lalbabu’s buddy Praveen received a gunshot and succumbed to their injuries. A shocked Lalbabu had been abducted by the crooks to a temple in Jehanabad district where he had been obligated to marry a girl that is 13-year-old underneath the shadow of a weapon. The wedding, nevertheless, dropped apart aided by the authorities registering murder cases up against the bride’s daddy and bro.


Also safety personnel on their own could be kidnapped by the crooks. As soon as, the bodyguard of a Bihar Cadre IPS officer Shivdeep W Lande, now on deputation to Maharashtra, ended up being kidnapped as he had been published in Jamalpur. Nevertheless the kidnappers set him free after realising that a police could be invited by them backlash.

As soon as a child is taken and kidnapped to a bride’s house, their future in-laws make an effort to sooth him straight down by putting a marriage headgear onto their mind. The embroidered headgear, known as a Mauri, is really an expression of their submissive acceptance. Numerous battle fiercely, but every kidnapped kid ultimately relents under duress. In nearly all such situations, the villagers increase help to your girl’s household. The ceremony is videographed so the tapes can be utilized as proof later on.

In reality, even priests of town temples – where marriages are solemnised, like into the full instance of Lalbabu – cooperate utilizing the woman’s family and issue a certification of wedding. Obviously, the approval from society to marriages that are such emboldened the families to make the legislation in their arms.

The training has theoretically been unlawful for decades, nevertheless the legislation hardly ever happens to be enforced. Brutal while the customized is, it really is commonly regarded as practical.


“a lot of people do not care it is unlawful since there is a rather possibility that is high of. The kid’s family members frets and fumes following the wedding but simply to raise a dowry need. Guaranteed that the kid happens to be theirs, the lady’s moms and dad will also be happy to settle things by providing one-fourth of this dowry that is usual they’d experienced to provide had the kid maybe maybe not been hitched, ” stated Hetukar Jha a retired sociology professor at Patna University.

Rajiv Narayan of Nawada in Bihar is among the many such males whom has place the past behind and accepted their spouse, with who he had been forcefully hitched in 1976. Rajiv had been tricked to go to Badhaiya in Lakhisarai region where he had been hitched under duress as he ended up being just 14.

He had been hitched to Madhuri Devi, who was simply just 12. Their own families permitted the 2 to accomplish their studies prior to the two had been formally built to live together. Rajiv is employed as a meter reader with Bihar Electricity Board while Madhuri is school teacher at Nawada today.

Rajiv’s younger sibling Ashok (40 12 months), legal counsel, had been hitched in the chronilogical age of 13 in a fashion that is similar Annu of Pakribaswan town. The youngest bro Dhannjay has also been abducted and hitched to Sunita of Bighawa town in 2002. Dhananjay, 25, now operates some type of computer equipment store.

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